El Salvador is a country in Central America with a population of approximately 6.9 million people. It is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the north and east by Honduras, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador is the most densely populated nation on the American mainland (especially in its capital, San Salvador) and also the most industrialized country in the region. The official name is Republic of El Salvador. The country was named after the Spanish word for "The Savior" in honor of Jesus Christ and its territory was known prehispanically as Cuscatlán.