Treatment

A few weeks of intense phonological training (breaking down and rearranging sounds to produce different words) can improve reading skills. Unlike normal adults, phonological training has shows an increase in activity in the right temporoparietal cortex.

This part of the brain works in tasks and is the main compensatory structure in phonological training. This is the region responsible for visual motion processing which is under active in dyslexics. The earlier taken the better the overall results. Brain scans can identify the problem before the children can even read, though simple tasks of balance can do the same. Early diagnosis & treatment can almost completely eliminate the symptoms of dyslexia.

The most important thing is to keep your child active with simple jobs such as cleaning around the house to help improve their concentration & motivational skills.

One hypothesis of the symptoms of dyslexia is overall short term memory. A dyslexic will not remember your name and will have trouble transcribing phone numbers, due to difficulty laying down short term memories.

It is not uncommon for dyslexics who have trained themselves to deal with this affliction to develop efficient visual memories to aid in reading and comprehending larger amounts of information faster than usual. Adversely, some dyslexics will show a dislike of reading and will compensate by developing verbal communication and leadership skills. Different people develop different strategies.

A hypothesis for reading difficulty is strabismus, which is difficulty in bringing both eyes into focus at the same time. This explains why dyslexics confused written letters or numbers, as one eye sees the beginning of the word and the other sees the end. Studies which young children wear an eye patch have shown promising results. This is based on the theory that because children can benefit from learning to read than being con focal, the former should take precedence over the latter

Several genetic regions on chromosomes 1 and 6 have been found possibly linked to dyslexia. Dyslexia being a conglomeration of disorders that affect all and similar areas of the cortex. In time studies will be able to identify and classify all individual suborders to help understand how low level genetics can affect writing of the brain and enhance or reduce a particular component of human mental capacity

Studies have concluded language whose orthography has a strong correspondence between letters and sounds (e.g. italian) have much lower incidence of dyslexia than speakers of language with letters closely linked to the sound (e.g. english).

The main lesson of dyslexia is that minor genetic changes affecting the layering of the cortex in a minor area of the brain may create inborn limitations on the overall intellectual function. It also shows the brain exhibits a strong ability to compensate for its limitations, and intense training can result in turnabouts.

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